Oud Leuven: #14 Klooster van de Annunciaten

Oud Leuven: #14 Klooster van de Annunciaten

  • Name on the map:

    Anonciaten

  • Other names:

    -

  • Current name:

    Klooster van de Annunciaten

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ABOUT

The site is completely gone. The current location is at Numbers 1 to 5 of the Monseigneur Van Waeyenberghlaan. The convent existed from 1530 to 1784.

Origin

The Order of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary was founded in by Saint Joan in Bourges, France after she was divorced by the newly-crowned King Louis XII of France.

The jilted ex-Queen renounced men and penises by founding a female convent in 1501 to honor the “Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary“.

The order expanded into Belgium by first opening a nunnery in Bruges in 1517, followed by Leuven in 1530.

It was from Leuven that the still-existing nunnery in Tienen was established in 1627.

The order is a contemplative one, meaning that it is somewhat hermetic and secretive, focusing on meditation and silence.

On 25 April 1783, Emperor Joseph II of Austria issued an edict banning all monasteries in the Southern Netherlands.

This could be the most likely reason why by 1784, the nunnery was off the records.

The only reason why the Tienen branch escaped being shut down, was because they built a girls’ school the very year of the edict, so the convent was turned into an education institution.

Today, the Heilig Hartinstituut Heverlee (Institute of Sacred Heart) just outside Leuven in Heverlee started out as a girls’ school in 1887, run by Annonciades. But this has nothing to do with the defunct Leuven nunnery closed a century earlier. The “new” Annonciades belong to the “Apostolische Annunciaten“, who were no longer a contemplative order but one that reaches out to the community (hence the girls’ school).

What's so special about this place?

Nothing has remained from the Klooster van de Annunciaten except this 17th century painting housed in the Netherlands Institute for Art History (RKD). It shows two sisters (biological as well) called Allegonda Voet (1666-….) and Helena Voet (1655-….). One was playing the harpsicord and the other probably praying. This gives us a glimpse into how the Annunciade nuns looked like.

Incidentally, in the parcel of land surrounding the former convent – in a L shape – came a new all-female nunnery called the “Klooster van de redemptoristinnen” (Redemptoristine Sisters) in 1886. The Redemptoristine Sisters also founded a new college called the “College voor Latijns-Amerika” for Latino students (hence it is no surprise there is today a Brazilian café across the road).

The biggest irony for the two men-hating convents is they were built on the Mannenstraat (“Men Street”).

Today, Mannenstraat has been renamed Monseigneur Van Waeyenberghlaan, to honour a man – Honoré Marie Louis Van Waeyenbergh (1891-1971) who was the rector magnificus emeritus of KU Leuven. The only remnant of that name is the name of the neighbourhood centre called “Buurtcentrum Mannenstraat“.

Current situation

Nothing has remained from the Klooster van de Annunciaten, and these three ugly blocks from the 1970s (currently under renovation at the time of writing) are monstrosities that are turning the nuns like turbines in their graves.

Sources:
https://search.arch.be/eac/eac-BE-A0500_112411_DUT
https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annunciaten
https://rkd.nl/en/explore/images/54979 (picture copyright)
https://inventaris.onroerenderfgoed.be/erfgoedobjecten/73676

HOW IT LOOKS LIKE TODAY

Click on the zoom icon to view the full size.

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